I, Sir Ambrose Shea, will be representing the colony of Newfoundland in the discussion regarding economics. I present my findings:



A: Historical Significance:

My focus and inquiry question for my independent investigation was “To What Extent did the War of 1812 Contribute to the Founding of Canada?” My event takes place right after the end of the War of 1812. After the war of 1812 had finished, there was still a large aftermath to clean up and a lot of work to be done. After signing the Treaty of Ghent which determined the nation’s borders, there was a lot of new developments and plans for the nation. My inquiry question is historically significant because there were many factors that contributed to the founding of Canada that can be traced back to the winning of the war. Firstly, there is the clear distribution of land that Canada had won and defended throughout the war. This is important because it provides a space for the founding of the nation as well as the fact Canada can be its own nation. The second point of significance of my independent investigation is the idea of nationalism and being a Canadian. Image result for war of 1812Prior to the War of 1812, most people who lived in Canada had no pride as a Canadian or any strong connection. The lack of familiarity with the nation comes from the fact that most of the people were immigrants. There were British loyalists pushed out of America, Native Americans who lost their territory, former slaves that escaped, British-Canadian immigrants and early French-Canadian settlers all collected together in Canada. These people had no sense of belonging to Canada before the Americans decided to show a sign of hostility. When America decided to attack the Canada, this was when all the residents banded together to fight back. They managed to continuously defend and protect Canada which led to the strengthening of the idea of being a Canadian. Another way to see deeper into the significance of my inquiry question is to imagine Canada without the War of 1812 and how that would look like. Surprisingly, without the War of 1812 Canada would not have become a country or at least would take a lot longer. The Americans would have swallowed up Canada and absorbed it into the United States of America due to their idea of “Manifest Destiny” which entailed conquering Canada. There would also have been less casualties as the war wouldn’t have lasted so long. On top of that, the White House wouldn’t have been burnt.

Continuity and Change:

There are many patterns and similarities that can be drawn from the Canada-U.S. relationship before the War of 1812 and now. For example, before the War of 1812, U.S had decided to cancel free trade with Canada after having some thoughts about invading Canada. Currently, this is still an issue because President Donald Trump had instituted steel and aluminum tariffs on Canada and other countries. However, there is some difference because before the War of 1812, Canada’s solution was to confederate while that is now impossible as Canada has already become its own nation. However, Canada is not defenseless. Canada has teamed up with Mexico and the European Union to impose tariffs on the U.S. Another similarity is one between the discrimination and expulsion of minorities. Before the War of 1812, America was being extreme hostile to British loyalists and First Nations, even going so far as to kill them. Image result for refugeesThis led to the loyalists and First Nations to move to Canada for refuge. This draws a connection to a current American issue where President Donald Trump wants to get rid of refugees from America. Statements about the action he will take against refugees has spurred them to come to Canada to once again seek refuge. Both points show a pattern and similarity between the Canada-U.S relationship. Although the issues aren’t identical, similarities are quite easy to spot.

Cause and Consequence:

The main cause behind the War of 1812 was the Napoleonic Wars going on between Britain and France. The Napoleonic Wars led to Britain and France stopping trade which also led Britain to stopping American ships from trading in Europe. Britain also captured American sailors and forcefully conscripted them into the British Navy. The impressment of American sailors was one of the leading factors in America’s outrage which was vented on Canada. President James Madison decided to declare war on Britain due to their outrageous and unjustified provocations. President James Madison and many other significant Americans like Thomas Jefferson believed Canada to be a very easy place to take over. They decided to invade Canada as a way to indirectly attack, but directly offend Britain. However, contrary to what the Americans thought, Canada wasn’t easily subdued. The alliance of British-Canadian immigrants, First Nation immigrants, Slaves and French-Canadian settlers managed to push back the Americans every time. Like I mentioned in my part A, this helped them build a Canadian identity. I also previously mentioned the Treaty of Ghent which was the agreement that stated the borders between Canada and America. The consequences of the War of 1812 was that Canada became its own nation and not part of America. Image result for treaty of ghentThis is great for Canada, but not as much for America as they missed out on conquering a lot more land. Canada won the war and protected its traditions which means Canada has a lot more British traditions and connections to the crown since they stayed loyal. However, that leads to another consequence which is the right given to America to expand toward the west without British or Native American interference. This also lead to Native Americans getting the short end of the stick as they got their land swindled away from them by America.

B: Socials Studies Inquiry Processes

Based on the information I collected and explored throughout my research, I can conclude that the War of 1812 had a significant impact on the founding and consolidation of Canada. The war was significant because the union and alliance of French-Canadians, British-Canadians, Slaves and Native Americans helped consolidate what it means to be Canadian. Their ability to unite against the common threat of America displayed how the Canadian ideals began to develop and strengthen. Image result for canada war of 1812The War of 1812 was also a war of survival. If Canada lost the war, then there would be no Canada and only a stronger America. Not only was this a war of survival, this was a war of survival with little to no British help who was supposed to be their father figure. Canada had to function independently to protect its land and values. The War of 1812 not only defended Canadians and Canada, it built the Canadian identity and secured a foundation and land for Canada to grow and thrive on. Canada had also learned from the war and began to understand what it meant to be a unified and independent country. This is all important and significant because none of these ideas would have come to life if it wasn’t for the pressure of the War of 1812 knocking on Canada’s doorstep.




Ecological Footprint

The Plan:

As someone who has never calculated an ecological footprint before, I didn’t know whether a 7.45 hectare footprint was average or way off the mean. However, after comparing to Jerome’s 8.35, Yoonha’s 7.35, and Shubham’s footprint of 7.05, it seems I am somewhat around the average. Unless I was really unlucky with the people I talked to about it, then I should have an around average footprint. While calculating my footprint, I also saw what kind of actions truly increase my footprint. The following being:

  • Buying brand new clothes
  • Taking 15-minute showers
  • Watering the garden every week
  • Driving for more than an hour everyday
  • Hardly ever wearing about 3/4 of my clothes
  • Spending more than an hour on the computer/TV everyday
  • Eating non-local food
  • Using hot water
  • Eating non-organic food
  • Flushing the toilet everytime

Some actions that I will change or reduce that will positively impact my ecological footprint are as following:

  • Lowering my shower time to a quick 1-2 minute instead of my regular almost 15 minute showers. I chose this change because not only am I saving vast amounts of water, I am also saving lots of time in my day as I could be spending the time doing something else instead of standing in the shower.


  • I have also planned to do is reduce the amount of times I water my garden from every week to almost triweekly (somewhere in between biweekly and triweekly due to some flowers and plants needing water to survive in case of drought.) I chose this reduction because it has minimal impact and inconvenience on my life, but also greatly reduces my ecological footprint.


  • Another plan of mine is using cold water for everything. This seems pretty easy regarding washing dishes and clothes in cold water, but may prove to be a bit of a struggle when washing hands or showering. However, I believe that I will be able to pull through especially now that my showers will only be 1-2 minutes. I chose this change because it isn’t a huge disruption to my daily life as well as the fact that I live with a family and cannot make drastic changes. However, it still makes a big difference to my ecological footprint.


  • Wearing more of my clothing is a big one. Currently, I have around 3/4 of clothes I don’t wear. This is a drastic number because I only wear the clothes I like. I chose this change because I want to make full use of my clothing and make sure none of it goes to waste.


  • Eating more local-foods is another concept I will strive to achieve. I chose this change because it is surprisingly convenient for someone who lives in a place like B.C. In the west coast, it is much easier to get fresh and local foods because it is more of a cultural and ethical value here. Not only is it simple, it is great for the environment and it is a boost to the local economy.

The Reflection:

After following this concrete plan for just over a week, there has been some significant changes in my lifestyle. Following the list above I will describe my personal experiences. The showering goal seemed quite simple and easy to accomplish for me, but as someone who is used to taking long and slow showers, it was a drastic change. There were so many times where I just told myself “a few more seconds” but luckily, I managed to get out of there in under 2 minutes with the idea of this plan in mind.

About the garden plan, it has been a great success. All I did was wait until my flowers looked dehydrated and then I watered them. Although I said I only followed this plan for just over a week, the gardening plan obviously took more than a week and I am still currently following it through. For my first watering, I managed to last to around two weeks before some plants looked a little unhealthy. This wasn’t as great as my goal but it was still a positive change.

Using cold water for everything has been interesting to say the least. Regarding washing dishes and clothes it was like I predicted, very easy. Hand-washing had its struggles but was nothing too hard for me to handle. However, showering in cold water has posed a problem because it takes me quite a while to get into such cold shower while also following my 1-2 minute shower plan. These two goals seemed to clash due to my inability to tolerate cold in a short period of time. However, I still managed to accomplish both goals simultaneously.

Wearing a larger variety of clothes was also a great and simple accomplishment. In fact, my friends in school, including TALONS students, have noticed that my outfits have been a bit different from usual. Although I didn’t tell them it was for my ecological footprint, it was definitely noticeable as my normal style of clothing seemed to vanish. This goal is still currently going on as my wardrobe is in a constant state of change right now as I am trying to even out my distribution of wearing to this day.

Eating more local-foods turned out to be the hardest goal. This was due to the price of local groceries and foods. At certain scenarios, the price of the local grocery could be vastly more than the imported version. This did pose a little bit of an obstacle for me because my family was not so keen on spending so much extra money. However, I managed to come to a compromise and although I couldn’t change my whole diet to local foods, it was definitely a significant increase from my usual diet.

In conclusion, I managed to complete all these goals to some extent. However, I know that I can do much better and go much further. That is why I not only plan to keep working on these changes, but I also plan to further dissect my ecological footprint and change or reduce other things in my life to get closer to a small footprint. I also plan to inform others about ecological footprint as it is a fascinating thing I have just learnt about but is extremely useful.


Hamilton Blog Post: Cabinet Battle #1

A: Character Development


“Cabinet Battle #1” is a depiction of the issue and controversy over the idea of establishing a national bank. This discussion is administrated and facilitated by George Washington while the two opposing parties are Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, and Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson with the occasional backing and support of Representative James Madison.

This song is extremely relevant and significant because it is the deciding point of the future of America’s financial plan. The issue stems from the severe debt issue in the American government. After the American Revolutionary War, the federal government was $54 million dollars in debt while there was $25 million dollars owed by the individual states.

Due to this large amount of debt, Alexander Hamilton comes up with the idea of having the nation assume state debt and creating a national bank. Alexander Hamilton went on to create the First Report On Public Credit which was subsequently sent to the congress for approval. Alexander Hamilton continuously fought for the idea of state debt become part of federal debt by pooling it all together.

However, Thomas Jefferson strongly disagrees with this idea. As Thomas Jefferson and James Madison are both from Virginia they strongly disagree with this idea since Virginia had already paid off its debts. Thomas Jefferson does not like the idea of Virginia bearing the debt of other states. When he says “If New York’s in debt— Why should Virginia bear it?,” he is clearly expressing his desire to keep state debt separate from federal debt. Thomas Jefferson also goes to the point where he criticizes Alexander Hamilton’s idea as a ploy to earn more money. Thomas Jefferson also attacks Alexander Hamilton on things like his 40,000 word document, whiskey tax, and movement of finances.Image result for cabinet battle 1Alexander Hamilton must continuously fight for his goal even through Thomas Jefferson and James Madison’s taunts. This leads him to defending his idea even more ardently which also leads him to be a bit too proactive about it. Not only does he criticize Thomas Jefferson’s vast amount of slaves, he also attacks him for irresponsibly fooling around with the French. He exposes Thomas Jefferson for missing out on most of the recent events and claims that he is behind the times. When Alexander Hamilton says “Your debts are paid cuz you don’t pay for labour,” he is directly attacking Thomas Jefferson’s vast amount of slaves as well as the fact that Virginians are the main reason why slave trade has not been abolished as they have ardently fought against it.

The song ends when Alexander Hamilton’s attacks go too far which leads George Washington to call a recess. This gives the Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to rub in the fact that Alexander Hamilton doesn’t have enough votes and congressional approval. This is a big problem and George Washington is aware of it. He brings Alexander Hamilton over and discusses a method to fix it. The only way Alexander Hamilton can get the votes is if he allies with Thomas Jefferson and James Madison or else congress will request for his removal. This idea directly relates to the song “The Room Where it Happened” because it ends on the note that Alexander Hamilton must come to a compromise with Thomas Jefferson and James Madison and that is the plot of that song.

Character Development:

“Cabinet Battle #1” has 4 characters that are significant: Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and James Madison.

Alexander Hamilton’s want and desire in this song is to establish the national bank. He wants to build a national public credit and abolish all state debt to create the national debt. He knew this was a good idea because in past scenarios bailing out those in debt gave an economic boost.  When Alexander Hamilton says “How do you not get it? If we’re aggressive and competitive, the union gets a boost,” he is directly referencing the wondrous effect on the economy of America as a whole. His plan would have states like Virginia and other states that have paid off their debt aid in boosting the economy of other states who have not. This would directly involve creating a public credit which was Alexander Hamilton’s plan.

In this song, Alexander Hamilton’s main fear is not getting votes and congressional approval. This fear directly leads to many more issues. If he does not get those votes, that means his financial plan would cease to exist and America would have a totally different financial plan now. He also fears that without his economic plan, America’s economy would also fall. This would lead to a recession or even an economic collapse which is not what Alexander Hamilton wants to see.

Thomas Jefferson’s want is to keep Virginia above the other states. His plan is to have Virginia at the top and keep it at the top. He intends to do this by fighting Alexander Hamilton’s debt plan because Thomas Jefferson doesn’t want Virginia’s money to go to the other states. When Thomas Jefferson says, “Uh! Our debts are paid, I’m afraid, don’t tax the South cuz we got it made in the shade,” he is claiming that Virginia and other Southern states are doing very well economically and they don’t want to share their wealth with the other states.Image result for thomas jefferson alexander hamilton george washington james madison

Once again, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton take opposing roles. Thomas Jefferson’s fear is also Alexander Hamilton’s want. Thomas Jefferson doesn’t want to see Alexander Hamilton’s candidacy or his financial plan coming to fruition. When he says “And pray to God we never see Hamilton’s candidacy,” Thomas Jefferson is directly attacking Alexander Hamilton and his ideals. Thomas Jefferson also references the Declaration of Independence and claims that Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan is disregarding ideals that America fought for.

George Washington’s wants are focused mainly on Alexander Hamilton. George Washington seems inclined to supporting Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan, but he is also aware that the congress does not support him as much as he does. George Washington wants Alexander Hamilton’s plan to go through and become realized, but he is also prepared to give up if it becomes a lost cause. When George Washington says “I imagine they’ll call for your removal,” he is showing that he acknowledges the consequences of these actions but is also prepared to work with them.

George Washington’s fear is the opposite of his want. He fears that Alexander Hamilton will not be able to garner enough votes and that Thomas Jefferson and James Madison will have control over Virginian debt and state debt remains separated. George Washington also insists on Alexander Hamilton trying to reconcile with Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to see if they can come to some sort of compromise because George Washington wants to see the idea of national debt come to realization.

James Madison’s want is very similar to Thomas Jefferson since his presence in this song serves as a sort of hype man for Thomas Jefferson. Just like Thomas Jefferson, James Madison wants to see a world where Virginia is sitting comfortably without debt and with a booming economy. When Alexander Hamilton says “James Madison won’t talk to me, that’s a nonstarter,” he is indirectly pointing that James Madison sits on an opposing side to him. It also shows his disinterest to discuss terms with Alexander Hamilton as he doesn’t want to help him.

James Madison’s fear is also similar to Thomas Jefferson’s as he also does not want to see Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan ruin his Virginian economy. As the representative of Virginia, the last thing he wants is Alexander Hamilton sticking his hands into their wealth.

B: Connections to Historical Elements

Historical Events and Ideas:

“Cabinet Battle #1” references a lot of important historical events and artifacts since it is a full discussion on the future of American economy. It brings in many important cultural events and ideals that contribute to the depth and meaning of the song.

The first major historical connection is to the First Report on Public Credit. This is a very important concept to understand as this was on of the big implications behind the general idea of “establishing a national bank.” Although the First Report on Public Credit was not mentioned by name in the song, it remains a crucial component to the background of the song. The First Report on Public Credit was a report submitted to the congress which outlined and describe Alexander Hamilton’s idea to pool together a national credit system. When George Washington says “The issue on the table: Secretary Hamilton’s plan to assume state debt and establish a national bank,” he is indirectly referencing the First Report on Public Credit which was previously submitted to the congress before the discussion. This First Report on public Credit ended up becoming a revolutionary idea for America and becoming the catalyst for the American economy and financial system we see today.

Image result for first report on public credit

Another big historical event is the slave trade and treatment of slaves. When Alexander Hamilton says “Your debts are paid cuz you don’t pay for labour,” he is directly attacking Thomas Jefferson’s extreme amount of slaves as Thomas Jefferson owned over 100 slaves. This is also extremely relevant to the song because one of the reasons why the abolishment of slavery was so late in America was because the Southern states fought extremely ardently to push back the abolishment date since they were making lots of money from having the slaves work in the cotton industry. However, this also shows that in this time, slave trade was still an acceptable concept and there were even factions that ardently supported the idea of owning and using slaves. This also shines some light on the American values at the time because the American idea of freedom didn’t include these slaves.Image result for slave trade

Towards the end of Thomas Jefferson’s verse, he threatens Alexander Hamilton about his whiskey tax idea by referencing the historical event called the Boston Tea Party. When Thomas Jefferson says “Look, when Britain taxed our tea, we got frisky,” he is not only indirectly threatening Alexander Hamilton, he is also referencing the Boston Tea Party which was a very big event for the American Revolutionary War. The Boston Tea Party was one of the inciting events of the revolution as it brought on a lot of ire from Britain as this was considered an act of treason.Image result for boston tea party

Socials Curriculum:

The bid idea I chose for “Cabinet Battle #1” is Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies. I chose this big idea because I feel like it is extremely relevant to the song. The main reason why this big idea is the most relevant to the song is because one of the conflicts in the song is the fact that Alexander Hamilton can’t get enough votes. This can be correlated to the big idea since people like Thomas Jefferson and James Madison have a lot of political influence. They are strong opposition to Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan which leads to many others supporting their decision. This leaves Alexander Hamilton outnumbered and lacking power which leads to his relationships with others to be worse than it could’ve been. Another example is the fact that congress can easily remove Alexander Hamilton from his position if he doesn’t satisfy them. This puts Alexander Hamilton in a very flimsy position and once again displays the effect of disparities in power altering relationships.Image result for political influence

C: Thematic and Personal Connections

Personal Interest:

One of the main reasons why I chose to explore and dissect “Cabinet Battle #1” is because it is packed full of info in a short time. As all 3 Cabinet Battle songs are in the rap battle format, they are all very fast paced and share a lot of information quickly. This makes the song very interesting to analyze as there is bits of info splayed throughout the song which may seem insignificant but lead to major historical events.

This song is also intriguing because it has a sister song (as well as another sister song that was removed from the playlist) by the name of “Cabinet Battle #2.” This allows me to compare and contrast the difference between the songs and how the relate to each other. It is also interesting because the two songs do not come one after another but instead, there is a few sons in between them which allows me to analyze what happened between the two songs and how that may have influenced “Cabinet Battle #2.”

The Thomas Jefferson line that has really stuck out to me as not only important but also thought-provoking is “We create. You just wanna move our money around.” This line is very though-provoking because it brings up the idea of rights and freedoms. What right does the federal government have to move the state’s money around and who can stop this? It also demonstrates how some ideas may have a positive effect on some people while having a negative effect on others. It is also a very good defining line of the song as it portrays a good part of the song.

Another line that left an impact on me was when Alexander Hamilton says “Don’t lecture me about the war, you didn’t fight in it,” because he said this to attack Thomas Jefferson for leaving his country to go and hang out with the French. Not only does this line paint Thomas Jefferson as a lazy, untrustworthy person, it also brings up the idea that Thomas Jefferson is outdated and his ideas aren’t fresh because he had missed out on most of the revolution.


The first line I would like to dissect is one that brings up an important “American” ideal. When Thomas Jefferson says “‘Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.’ We fought for these ideals; we shouldn’t settle for less,” he is not only fighting back Alexander Hamilton’s ideals, he is also bringing up a point about what we fight for and how we shouldn’t let go of the ideals that America had just won after a tough battle.  This theme continues for the whole song because it is important to consider that there was a bloody battle to fight for these rights and freedoms.

The second line theme I think is important and essential to the song is the idea that America is constantly innovating and developing. When Alexander Hamilton says “Welcome to the present, we’re running a real nation,” he is talking about how America is constantly moving forward and you have to keep up. This idea is crucial to the song because the main idea of the song is that Alexander Hamilton is bringing a new and innovative idea to the table and America should keep up with it. This is also an attack on Thomas Jefferson as he was away in Monticello instead of experiencing the revolution.

The final theme I’d like to discuss is the idea that America is still alive and fighting. Just because they have won the revolution doesn’t mean they are docile and weak. Instead, they will continue to fight to make sure they always have these rights and freedoms. When Thomas Jefferson says “Imagine what gon’ happen when you try to tax our whisky,” he is not only threatening Alexander Hamilton, but threatening everyone. He is saying that America will fight for what they want. The people will not sit and accept their fate because they are filled with the “American Dream.”


For the most part. my progress has been smooth sailing. Although I have faced a few impediments on this in-depth journey, it has been a worthwhile and fulfilling experience. I have progressed into the fluidity and precision of my lampworking as well as the memorization of procedures. When I first started, I used to forget the steps to making different components for the final glasswork, but now I’ve memorized almost all the key components in the glasswork I make.

Unsurprisingly, there has been a slight slow down and decrease in the amount of times and how frequently I meet my mentor due to recent issues surrounding my family. This can be considered quite a big challenge for me since it directly correlates to a more time-consuming learning process due to the infrequency. However, other than the slightly slower speed of progress, I am steadily increasing my skill in myriad ways. My main focus right now is still working on making bigger beads so that they can be decorated more.

A recent success as well as new experience of mine is the process of using pliers as a tool to create glasswork. Recently, I have started using pliers to pull and shape hot glass which is easily flexible. However, I also train my speed and precision because hot glass cools very quickly and transforms into a brittle substance which is easily shattered. Not only have I used pliers to create more art, but I have also used pliers to create ‘stringers’ which help provide a nice touch and decor for a bead or any other glasswork.

For the in-depth night, I plan to present by learning my having an aray of glasswork ordered in a timeline. Clearly illustrating my progress as I have grown and learned. I plan on elaborating on the learning that came with every bead as well as some of the stories behind some less “presentable” glassworks. I also plan on having a sped up video of me lampworking to show everyone the process of refining glass. However, this video might not be possible if I can’t get it in time, but I plan for it to be there.

hamilton big idea

Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events

“Well, the word got around, they said, ‘This kid is insane, man’ Took up a collection just to send him to the mainland”

This represents the big idea because it reinforces the idea of new ideas influencing events. If not for Hamilton’s writing and ideas he would not have been sent to the mainland. His ideologies indirectly and directly influenced a series of events.

Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies

“He started retreain’ and readin’ every treatise on the shelf”

This quote reinforces the big idea because it shows that Hamilton didn’t have much power or status which is directly correlated to the reason why he put so much effort into his work. Hamilton had to work harder and longer than other people of power. He may also have faced judgment in society due to his social standing.

Collective identity is constructed and can change over time

“‘You gotta fend for yourself’”

This quote expresses the big idea because it shows that Hamilton is going through a change in his character. His identity can be altered by external sources and his character is not set in stone.

The physical environment influences the nature of political, social, and economic change

In New York you can be a new man”

This quote very clearly demonstrates the truth of this big idea. New York being the new physical environment can directly effect the person or people. Hamilton is given a new set of opportunities, ideas, and adventures as a result to this new physical environment.


Independent Investigation #1

To what extent was income from fur trading responsible for the development of Canada?

 Part A: Historical SignificanceImage result for fur trade

The fur-trade was not only of importance to the development of Canada because of the source of new resources for European settlers, but also because of the vast amount of wealth to be earned. It is crucial to understand the historical significance because it not only outlines the direct effect of the income from fur-trading, but it also explores many factors that may not be easily correlated to the fur-trade.

The fur-trade can be summarized as the earliest and most impactful industry in North America. The fur-trade was started in the 1500’s due to the Europeans exchanging goods like knives, pots, axes, and other goods for the extremely popular fur. Soon after the trades had been started the fur industry began to boom. After the first French explorers sent the valuable fur back to Europe, it soon became very fashionable to wear these furs. The popularity of the furs made some explorers realize how vast the amount of wealth to be made in the fur industry was, and set sail to North America. This led to the sudden surge in Europeans coming to North America to settle.

The key idea in my inquiry question is the extent and responsibility the fur trade’s income has on the development of Canada. The first substantial effect on the development of Canada that has been initiated by the fur trade is the friendly relations between the Indigenous Peoples and European settlers. The economic bond between the Indigenous Peoples and European settlers is a critical point, especially in the Seven Year War. If not for the temptation of furs, European explorers might not have settled in Canada or even maintained friendly relations with the Indigenous Peoples after a while. The furs was a reason to keep putting money into sending explorers and investing in the European businesses.

The second key contribution to the development of Canada we see is the settlement of Europeans. In 1608, Samuel de Champlain founded a trading post which is now the present-day Quebec.This trading post became one of the most impactful factors in the development of Canada. The income from the fur trade not only enticed settlers to expand and extend their reach on the fur trade, but it also brought many more European explorers with a crave for wealth. Trading posts and trading routes began to spring up everywhere and development of Canada had begun.

Another key concept my researches has shown is the destruction of racial barriers. With the influx of European settlers coming to settle due to the grand profits to be made, population growth soon ensued. Although there was the Filles du Roi that jump-started the population growth in Canada, soon after European settlers began to build families with the Indigenous Peoples. This led to a race called the Métis to be born. The Métis were half-Europeans, half-Indigenous peoples. This was another scenario of friendly relations with Indigenous Peoples, but it was also a social change in the contemporary mindset. Albeit, the métis people faced racism at the start.

Cause and Consequence:Image result for fur trade

The original exchange of gifts between the first European explorers and the Indigenous Peoples occurred due to a meeting of foreign parties. The two parties simply wanted to express their goodwill and peace. The consequences of the Indigenous Peoples and the European settlers forming a strong economic bond was that the bond attracted more Europeans to come and partake in the booming trade. This soon led to Europeans taking away land from the Indigenous Peoples without their consent and agreement.

This also led to new European technologies being brought over to Canada. However, this had both negative and positive consequences. The negative consequences of the new European technology was that it brought an imbalance to the stability in the Indigenous tribes. The positive consequences was that Indigenous Peoples acquired innovative and new technology which helped the Indigenous Peoples advance.

Although the settlement of Canada inevitably caused a loss of land for the Indigenous Peoples, it also provided the foundation for the development of Canada. The trade routes also brought a lot of income to Europe, but once more, it was at the sacrifice of Indigenous Peoples lands and property.

Ethical Judgement:Image result for europeans and first nations

The influx of European explorers and settlers into Canada was not considered a big, ethical deal to the Europeans. The Europeans only saw the settlement of Canada as a quick way to earn cash and a place with free resources. The Europeans did not think they were doing any harm to the Indigenous Peoples since they were just taking advantage of free resources and land.

However, with our current moral values and standards, this sort of behavior is deemed heinous and disrespectful. The Indigenous Peoples had ownership over the land since they were here first and the European explorers should have discussed terms with them instead of forcefully seizing their land.

Part B: Social Studies Inquiry Processes:Image result for canada

In conclusion, I can say that the main factors that contributed to the development of Canada that were reliant on the income from fur trade are friendly relations with Indigenous People, settlement in Canada, vast amounts of income and resources, and the breaking of racial barriers. Although there were many factors that contributed to the development of Canada, the main and easiest ones to connect and correlate to the fur trade are those listed above. Building the nation of Canada was not only a tedious task, but a task that took many setbacks and long periods of time. It is impossible to consider every single factor that contributed to such a broad topic like the development of an entire nation. However, my research has already shown a lot of insight onto the effect and consequences that come with any decision and how they have specifically effected Canada through the fur trade. The fur trade was an extremely impactful event in Canadian history and it was definitely one of the cornerstones in the founding of our nation.



Photos of recent glass beads: wow beads

So this is my first time meeting my mentor since the accident happened. Most of my family doesn’t want to drive near my mentorship location anymore, but I got my mom to do it. Sadly, due to the sudden interruption I didn’t see my mentor in over 3 weeks. This may have led to a regression in my skill and efficiency in the craft. However, I will continue to work at lampworking and slowly improve over time even with the impediments I have or will face.

1.What kinds of learning opportunities does the mentor provide to expose you to new learning?

One of the interesting things my mentor does is he doesn’t just expose me to the refining and shaping of the bead, but instead, he lets me experience everything. From the set-up of the workshop to the sweeping of the floors at the end. I feel like this is a great method of teaching and mentoring because it gives me the full experience which allows me to be independent one day. Rather than him setting up everything for me to make the bead, I am learning the steps behind the main process.

2. What kinds of learning opportunities exist to reinforce new learning?

In the workshop, all the equipment is there and it is up to me to know what to use and what to prepare for my work. This way, I learn to be more independent since my mentor doesn’t set up the equipment for me. However, if I really have trouble remembering what I need for the work, I can always ask him for help.

3. What kinds of opportunities exist that might accelerate learning?

I could try and step up my glasswork to making miniature sculptures. Right now, other than making beads, stringers, and twists, I am not well-versed in the crafting of other glasswork. However, I can learn this by asking my mentor to teach me the technique for non-beads. Currently, I have quite a solid foundation in shaping and controlling the flow of glass so I should be able to handle the change.

4. When you get together what do you talk about?

Usually, we just have casual conversation and talk about what we’ve been doing in our lives. However, my mentor talks to me while refining beads so he will add in critiques periodically. Since lampworking is such a slow process, there isn’t need for a constant stream of insights coming from him. He only needs to interject when needed. On top of that, glass working requires focus and attention so sometimes silence is recommended.

5. What is going particularly well in your mentoring relationship right now?

My mentor and I have a very casual and relaxing mood when we talk. It is very easy to approach my mentor and inquire about any issues I have. I also appreciate his critiques and tips, albeit they are always hidden in his words. It is also very nice that my mentor is very accepting of my schedule as well as my skill. Sometimes, I screw up my glass work but he always encourages me to work harder.

6.What are you learning about one another?

Since I have so many casual chats with my mentor while working, I learn quite a bit about his personal life. However, usually we talk about stuff related to the actual work. So I mostly learned about his past experience, how he got into the work, what his plans are for teaching and organizing events and things like that. I also share a bit about my life within through updates whenever we meet. Furthermore, my mom is close with him so she likes to join in on the conversation sometimes and I glean more insights from that.


  1. viva la revolution step
  2. The French Revolution is quite similar to the English Civil War in the regard that both of them had a lavish and overspending king as one of the main catalysts. These rulers both decided to impose high taxes which resulted in the big social, economic and technological uprisings. Both civilizations began to rebel against these high taxes which set off a series of changes to become these respective revolutions.
  3. The French Revolution ends in justice since the people had got what they wanted. They had executed King Louis XVI and ushered in a new age for the people. This led to the election of Napoleon who slowly brought the economy back up and satisfied the people. Not only was the economy restored, but new technology like the metric system and guillotines were now seeded into the society.